Queen Wilhelmina

Her Majesty Queen Wilhelmina with her Fongers ladies' bike from 1939.
Since 1998 this bicycle is on loan to the Bicycle museum Velorama.

Typical Dutch

The development of the bicycle in the late 19th century mainly took place in England, Germany, and France. The first Dutch bicycle manufacturers copied their work. Actually, the Dutch bicycle industry did not contribute to the initial technical design and general outfit of the bicycle.

     The developments in the above mentioned three countries were partially different, and this difference is still apparent. For instance, in England Sturmey Archer gear hubs with rod brakes were/are widely used, whereas Germany cycled with Fichtel & Sachs hubs with back-pedal brakes and in France derailleur gears have long been popular.

     Old Dutch bicycles largely resemble English bicycles. Before the turn of the century, the English bicycle industry developped more quickly than others and therefore had the best reputation at the time. So Dutch manufacturers attempted to make English looking bikes. Due to the flatness of the Dutch landscape, Dutch bicycles didn't neet to be as light as bikes elseware in Europe. In fact, until the second World War gears were quite uncommon in Holland.

Well, what is typical Dutch then? Firstly, in Holland bicycles were widely used for transport. Only in Holland, with its flat landscape, heavy old delivery tricycles were a feasible option. Carrier bicycles were also used widely in Holland.

     The ladies' bike with the long head tube and the bent down tube is sometimes considered to be typical Dutch, but is actually of British origin. Nevertheless it is a good example of another characteristic of old Dutch bicycles: the upright cyclist's position and the comfort ride. Compared to German roadsters, Dutch bicycles were often designed with a shorter yet higher frame. Over longer distances I have found this riding position more comfortable, and it causes less backaches.

     A second point about frame sizes is that there is probably no other country which still has so many old bicycles riding on the streets with frames of 65 cm and above, some of which are even ladies' bikes! Furthermore, as far as I know, the reliable Thompson bracket with 45 mm cups has only been used in Holland, and a chain case with varnished spinnaker cover is an essential part of a real Dutch bike.

Stokvis carrier bicycle

Stokvis carrier bicycle

In 1949 the trade journal "De Nederlandsche Rijwielhandel" wrote:

In our country one tends to consider a bicycle as a means of transport for virtually any purpose, and therefore people want it to be very strong, very heavy, very solid and preferably very cheap, too. We certainly don't want to suggest anything negative about Dutch bicycles. In fact we truly believe that they are a fine piece of thoroughness with a strong position in international competition.



What you can find here


  • On this homepage you can find a short overview of the Dutch bicycle industry and more detailled information about some Dutch brands. Just click here. The given information is of course not complete, so if you have comments or additional information please write an e-mail to cyclist@rijwiel.net.
  • The second caption of this homepage is about a database of old bicycles. This database currently contains about 3,500 Dutch bicycles, as well as over one hundred bikes from mainly German and English origin.
    With every bike, there are a number of attributes and features registered. You can add your bicycle(s) to this database and request some information about your bikes back if desired. Please click here.
  • Another part of the homepage is the caption about bicycle repair. Here you can find hints about how to demount rusted parts, fix so-called broken parts and about which sizes are special for which brand. It will take some time to write this caption, and I will probably not translate it into English anyway (too much for me, sorry). So please take a look at the Dutch or German pages.
  • For those of you who want to recall the times when the old bicycles of today were young, or for those simply interested in photography, this website comprises a picture gallery of pre-war, bicycle related photos.


Copyright by Herbert Kuner, (c) 2001
All rights reserved.


Last update: 01/20/2001